2.1 Steering

Information Method of Inspection Reason for rejection
Preparation Before carrying out this inspection, make sure that any mechanism for adjusting the steering column is fully locked.  Exert reasonable pressure only on the steering wheel, particularly when the steering column is collapsible 1. Check the strength and condition of the steering wheel by applying reasonable force. 1.  Steering wheel weakened by cracks or fractures, in a condition that hampers proper control or Likely to injure the driverís hands. Note: Cracks or incompleteness of the covering skin of a steering wheel or hub, are not a reason for rejection.
Access to some components
Full inspection of some components may require under-bonnet or underside inspection.  Use an assistant to operate the steering. 2. Push the steering wheel rim in various directions at right angles to the column, while applying light  pressure downward and upward.  Check for,   2.  
a.  movement between column shaft and steering wheel a. movement between the shaft and steering wheel
b. excessive play in column bearing b. excessive radial movement (play) at the top of the steering column between the column and the shaft indicating a badly worn top bearing.

Note: Some vehicles have flexible top bearings  for the steering column.  With these more than average movement is acceptable. 
c. insecurity at column top mounting bracket c. insecurity at the steering column top mounting bracket.
3. Pull and push the steering wheel in line with the column.  Check for any movement at the centre of the steering wheels.

Note: Certain types of steering column (eg those fitted with universal joints or flexible couplings) may show some movement which is not due to excessive wear and deterioration.
3.  Excessive steering shaft end float.
4. Turn the steering wheel clockwise and anti-clockwise, checking steering column couplings and clamp bolts for security. 4.  Insecurity, excessive play or deterioration of a flexible coupling or universal joint.
5. Check the presence and security of retaining and locking devices.  Note: The inspection is not concerned with the type of locking device, only its presence and security. 5. A retaining or locking device missing or insecure.
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